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What Is the Price of Hardwood Flooring?

Hardwood Flooring Cost
October 31, 2021

Any area may benefit from the texture and warmth that hardwood flooring provides. When determining hardwood flooring costs, several factors come into play, with the standard cost range ranging from $2,493 - $6,754, with the average being $4,540, or about $8 per square foot.

For supplies, most flooring experts charge between $6 and $12 per square foot, with high-end work costing anywhere from $13 to $25 or more. On average, materials will account for 50 to 75 per cent of your budget, with labour accounting for the remainder.

Hardwood flooring prices vary depending on the kind of wood, plank width, glue, colour, and style. Some hardwood flooring companies will include removing existing wood flooring or carpeting in the price of installation and trim, while others may charge separately.

Wood flooring not only improves the overall aesthetic of a space but also increases the resale value and marketability of your house.

How Can You Estimate Hardwood Flooring will Cost?

Knowing how to determine the total cost of hardwood flooring will save you money in the long run. To determine how much wood flooring will cost, multiply the room's square footage by 5 to 10% to account for cuts and waste. To calculate the cost, multiply that amount by the flooring's square foot price.

Remember to factor in the expense of accessories like nails, mouldings, and thresholds.

Hardwood Flooring Cost Calculation Factors

The square footage of material, labour, and wood type, as well as colour, grain, plank width, style, pattern, and thickness, all play a role in determining the cost of hardwood flooring. The price will vary depending on whether the wood flooring is engineered or genuine hardwood.

When it comes to talks related to hardwood flooring, you have a lot of alternatives. Knowing the distinctions between each category can aid you in choosing the best wood flooring for you and your house.

Colour & Grain

When it comes to hardwood flooring, the first thing that comes to mind for most homeowners is the overall colour. Paler woods, such as ash or maple, provide a light and airy appearance. Hickory or oak are both warm woods that would work well in a medium-toned space.

Mahogany or walnut gives a dark, deep tone for people who like a darker wood hue. Each variety of wood has a different price range, with oak and hickory being the least expensive and mahogany being the most costly. The type of wood has an impact on the pricing. The cheapest planks are plain-sawn, with the grain running across the board in a wave-like pattern.

More costly are quarter-sawn or rift-sawn planks, which have the grain running in lines down the length of the board. Some woods, such as oak, have a tight and noticeable wood grain, but others, such as white ash or Acadia, have various grain patterns and contrast.


The physical features of wood flooring are used to provide a grade. Clear-graded wood flooring has a consistent hue and is free of knots and other flaws. A "select" rating is given to wood flooring with knots, colour variations, and mineral streaks that give it a more natural appearance.

Wood flooring with "No. 1 common" grade has even more significant colour variation and may even include wormholes. The "No. 2 common" flooring graded is even more rustic than the "No. 1 common" rating. The "clear" grading is the most costly, and the price decreases as the grade increases.

Tree Spaces & Width

Hardwood flooring is made from various tree species, with varying hues, pricing, and durability. Pine is generally the cheapest wood flooring option. It might cost anything from $1.50 and $5 per square foot. Like oak or American cherry, less costly hardwood species cost between $5 and $15 per square foot.

Brazilian walnut or mahogany, for example, might cost anything from $8 to $18 per square foot. Typically, wood flooring is sold in planks that are 3 inches broad or smaller. The boards for wide plank flooring can cost anywhere from $1.50 to $12 per square foot, with labour costing between $3 and $4. There are fewer boards to cover the space when utilising broad planks, resulting in lower labour costs.

Style & Pattern

The various designs and patterns of hardwood flooring have an impact on the total cost. Wood-look tile costs between $15 and $20 per square foot, or $900 to $2,700 for a complete installation. This isn't natural hardwood, but rather tiling that appears like it.

It's more costly than wood, but it's far more durable and rot- and warp-resistant in wet environments like basements. Herringbone wood flooring designs increase the cost of installation by 30%. The boards are installed at an angle to form a herringbone pattern, which results in more waste and a lengthier installation.

When installed piece by piece, traditional parquet flooring costs $20 to $45 per square foot. Today, parquet-style flooring kits with prefabricated wooden tiles that resemble the original parquet design are more prevalent. These kits can cost anywhere between $7 and $10 per square foot or around $15,000 on average.


3/4-inch is the typical thickness for wood flooring. Some hardwood flooring is available in as little as 5/16-inch thickness, although this will impair refinishing. Up to ten times can solid 3/4-inch boards be sanded and refinished. Thinner boards can't be sanded as much and won't hold up to refinishing as well.

Engineered/Traditional Hardwood

The basis of engineered flooring is plywood, with a polished wood veneer on top. Engineered flooring do not last as long as solid hardwood flooring, but it performs admirably for a lower initial investment. Engineered flooring is a cost-effective choice for consumers wanting to save money on wood flooring.

Engineered flooring is more durable and resistant to dampness. Engineered wood flooring can cost anywhere from $4.50 to $16 per square foot, depending on the wood type. Wood boards with three core layers and a veneer thickness of 1/16 to 1/12 inch fall on the lower end of the pricing spectrum.

Boards with a five-layer core and a thicker veneer are in the middle. Some engineered flooring includes seven or more core layers and a 1/6-inch exotic hardwood veneer at the top end. Maple, heart pine, white ash, bamboo, Brazilian cherry, Brazilian koa, and acacia are the most popular engineered flooring alternatives.

Additional Costs & Considerations

There are generally extra pricing elements and considerations when planning for hardwood flooring expenses. Hardwood flooring labour expenses can range from $3 to $5 per square foot. The kind, breadth, and style of wood flooring being laid might affect labour expenses.

Installing unfinished hardwood flooring that will need to be completed after installation, as well as repairing or replacing existing hardwood or subflooring, floor joist repairs, extra coating, or wood-look tile flooring, can all add to the cost.

Repair or Replacement of Existing Hardwood

If you enjoy the look of your current hardwood flooring, it could be able to restore or refinish it. This cost-effective alternative is appropriate if your hardwood floor only needs to be sanded and refinished to regain its brilliance and sheen.

Solid hardwood flooring may be refinished and sanded several times. Engineered wood can be refinished as well, but only a few times. The cost of grinding and revarnishing a hardwood floor ranges from $1,000 to $2,500.

Installation & Labour

The harder the flooring is to install, the longer it will take. Exotic hardwoods, such as teak and Brazilian walnut, require more installation time than softer woods, such as pine.

Angled and complex patterns like herringbone necessitate additional cuts and waste flooring material, raising the price. Complex room layouts or rooms with countertops will take longer to install and increase the cost of hardwood flooring.

Floor Joist Repairs

Repairing floor joists might cost anything from $2,000 to $5,000. The floor joists may call to be strengthened if significant rot, dampness, or insect damage.

Finish & Coating

Apply a layer of a protective seal called a finish to increase the life of wood floors. Polyurethanes or prefinished UV-cured urethane, oils, or oil hybrids are commonly used as finishes. Factory-applied and cured finishes are often more durable than those applied after installation.

The advantage of prefinished wood flooring is that you may walk on it right after installation without having to wait for the finish coatings to cure. The price of prefinished hardwood flooring ranges from $6 to $12 per square foot. Because the wood will need to be finished after installation, using unfinished wood flooring might increase labour expenses by $2 to $5.

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